What is a Seized engine, and how to tell if it’s locked up?
Engine seizure occurs when the vehicle’s engine freezes or locks on itself. The seizure is caused either by a lack of lubrication or overheating. Without oil, the metal parts scrape against each other and create a lot of friction. This leads to the engine becoming overheated.
Engine seizure does not occur out of nowhere; there are always warning signs that can be detected, such as clunking sounds coming from the engine and the “check engine” light that is always on.
Below we will be discussing the causes and symptoms of engine seizure in detail.
What cause the engine to seize?
– Insufficient oil in the car
Oil in the car acts as a lubricant between the piston and the cylinders, allowing them to run without getting hot. When you take away this lubrication, this results in friction and heat. And eventually will damage all the parts necessary for engine function such as crank journals, rod ends, main caps, etc.
When a large amount of water enters the car’s cylinders, it causes the engine to lock up immediately. This is because when water enters the cylinders, it contains less air, making it difficult for the pistons to work. It happens mostly when the car is driven through puddles or flooded areas.
– Rust buildup
There are two factors that causes rust build up in vehicles and they are lack of use and presence of water. This leads to buildup of rust over time which negatively affects the engine’s performance.
– No oil circulation
When oil pumps don’t work correctly, they are unable to pump oil into the engine. This results in a lack of proper oil circulation and cause overheating.
– Damaged engine parts
Even though this happens rarely, sometimes the piston or the cylinder of the vehicle can become defective. If this happens, the car will simply not start and will result in expensive repairs.
– Vapour lock
As the name suggests, it is when the vapours from the fuels lock up the engine. If a car is left in the sun for too long, the diesel in the car turns to gas. This prevents the piston from working efficiently causing the engine to seize up.
These were some causes of a locked up engine. Now, let’s look at the common symptoms that can help you identify if your engine is seizing up.
Common symptoms of a seized engine
These warning signs will occur before the total engine failure. Hence, it’s important to be on the lookout for these signs to prevent any further damage to the car.
– Loud knocking sound
One of the first indications that something is wrong is loud knocking sounds. This occurs when due to lack of oil, starter hits the flywheel making such loud noises.
If when starting the engine, you see smoke or fumes rising. This is a tell-tale sign that your engine has seized up. And in some extreme cases, the engine can even catch fire.
– Oil light on
If the oil cannot circulate properly within the engine due to engine seizure, the vehicles control unit will indicate that something is wrong. And it will activate the engine oil warning light.
– Visible piston
If the engine is locked up, this will cause the engine components to become loose. So, once you start the vehicle, loose parts such as the piston will lodge into other engine parts, making itself visible.
– Failure of the car to start
If the vehicle fails to start, it can indicate engine failure. But it’s crucial to rule other things out first, such as battery problems, bad starter, etc., before coming to this conclusion.
How to unlock a seized engine
Get ready for the bad news! If your car engine is seized due to lack of oil or lack of oil circulations, then you have only 3 options. You can either choose to rebuild the engine if there is minor damage, replace it, or sell it to a cash for car service in Brisbane.
In most cases, especially when the engine locks up while driving, there is no option to rebuild the engine as it’s all seized up. And the only solution is replacing it. Unfortunately, in these types of cases, insurance rarely covers the damages and the only option is selling it.
For the vapor lock engine, the fix is relatively easy. All you have to do is allow the vapours to cool down to a point where they can return to their liquid state. It can be done either by parking the vehicle away from direct sunlight or splashing water on the fuel pump for a quicker result.
But if you follow the factory maintenance schedule provided by the car manufacturers, you will avoid any such problems.
Frequently Asked Questions
How will I know if my engine is seized or I have a bad starter?
Because both seized engine and bad starter produce the same symptoms, it can be difficult to tell them apart. But away in which you can differentiate the two is by rotating the crankshaft manually.
If the crankshaft can be rotated, then the source of the problem is a bad starter. But if it can’t, then the starter is removed, and another attempt is made to rotate it. If the crankshaft is still not moving then, this means the problem is a seized engine.
How much does it cost to fix a seized engine?
If you are looking to rebuild the engine, it can cost somewhere between $3,000 to $5,000. But if you want to replace the engine, it can cost around $5,000 to $10,000, depending on the model.
What to do if the price for seized engine repair is too high?
A car owner would have to spend a lot of cash up to $10,000 for repairing or replacing the engine. Therefore, instead of paying high maintenance costs, it’s better to simply sell the vehicle and save your cash.
There are many trustworthy car buyers in Brisbane QLD that pay customers top cash for cars Brisbane-wide, such as Speedy Cash For Cars. They are known to purchase all types of vehicles, including damaged cars, vehicles with missing parts, cars with body damage, and more.
Is there a way to prevent a car engine from seizing up?
Yes, there are many ways you can prevent engine damage, such as
– Follow car manufacturer’s maintenance schedules.
– Change the engine oil regularly.
– Avoid driving through flooded areas or puddles.
– Protect the engine in case of heavy rain or floods.
– Don’t leave the car in direct sunlight.
– Use your car regularly to prevent rust.
– Always be on the lookout for warning signs of engine damage.